Teaching Guide

Teachers should also read the Show Me the Money: Economics in American History module Teaching Guide for further information.

Also refer to the Standards Chart for this lesson.

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Aim    

The aim of this tour is to explain the role of women during World War II and their efforts to keep the country and economy strong during this time.

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Rationale

Chicago students are expected to learn about important figures in U.S History, including the role of women. This tour teaches how the economy survived in hard times and also the beginning of increased rights for minorities and women.

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Audience

The intended audience is primarily Chicago Public School students in the fourth and fifth grades, but the lessons may be adaptable for other grades as well.

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Prerequisites

•Reading at a 4th grade level
•Use of Internet browsers
•Use of mouse

It is suggested that students go through the tours in the order given on the Show Me the Money home page, so that they follow chronological order. This tour may be taken out of context, but it will be necessary to overview the great Depression and World War II.

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Subject-matter

Social Studies (Economics) and Language Arts will be addressed in this tour.

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Materials

•Internet-linked computer with browser (version 5.0 recommended) for each student or group of students; or a projector with a large group of students.
•Macromedia Flash version 5 (will download and install automatically).
•Paper-based journal (optional).

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Instructional Plan

It is recommended that teachers preview this tour to find any concepts or vocabulary that may need to be covered before the students begin. Teachers may wish to create a vocabulary/spelling list for using the terms found in this tour.

It is suggested that students work through this tour independently or in groups. While working through the tour, students should take notes in their journals. Teachers may model note taking, as this is a skill that takes practice. Encourage students to write down anything of interest in their journals as well as unfamiliar terms.

Teachers may want to create a KWL chart with their students. Prior to the tour, students brainstorm what they KNOW about the Women and World War II (including Rosie), and then WHAT they would like to know. After the tour is complete, the students can then add what they LEARNED onto the chart. Teachers may also want to show the famous Rosie the Riveter picture and make predictions and conclusions about what the picture means. Then, do this same activity at the end of the tour.

Teachers are strongly encouraged to conduct discussion time for students after each computer session so that they can reflect and give feedback on what they have learned from the tour. Teachers may ask groups to create posters, or five-ten important points about the tour to share and present with the class. These papers and posters can then be hung around the classroom as a reminder of the tour.

There are many opportunities for students to learn about politics and national issues. Students can discuss the rights of minorities back in the 1930’s and then compared to current day. Was it fair for women to be fired when the war ended? Teachers may want to create an arena where students can debate issues of women in industry and issues that relate to current events. Can students find current event articles that reflect similar issues of the 1930’s?

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Learning Objectives

· Students will learn the effect World War II had on the economy of the United States, especially the entrance of women into the work force.
· Students will follow the life of a girl who went from poverty to a decent living through finding a job.
· Students will be able to describe the life of a factory worker.
· Students will use a variety of vocabulary words to explain the new workforce in America, including the introduction of the Middle Class system.
· Students will learn about the legacy left by the first working women and the impact their work had on the future rights of women and minorities.

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Assessment and Evaluation

Journal entries: Children will show evidence of note taking in their online journals.

Upon the completion of this tour, children can add to their printed journals thoughts and ideas about the tour.

Journal questions from tour:


Page 4: The bombing of Pearl Harbor caused many Americans to treat Japanese-Americans with fear and suspicion. Do you think it these feelings were reasonable? Why or why not?

Page 6: Have you ever had to conserve or ration anything? Explain what it was like for you.

Page 7: Do you think rationing is a good idea? Why or why not?

Page 12: In the picture, Rosie the Riveter is saying “We Can Do It!” What do you think she means by this statement?

Page 18: Can you name individuals or groups who are fighting against discrimination today?

Page 20: Do you think it is fair to replace women workers with the men who come back from the war? Why or why not?

Page 21: If you were Sasha, what would you chose? Work or college? Explain your choice.

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Additional Information


Currently there is no additional information for this tour.

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