Teaching Guide

Please refer to the module Teaching Guide for additional information.

Lesson summary
Instructional use
Pre-lesson activity
Standards covered by this lesson
Selected bibliography
Assessment

Lesson summary

Phebe, the sister of Crispus Attucks, tells the story of her brother’s brave escape from slavery to become a whaler, and his fateful return to Boston. Attucks was the first American to be killed in the cause of independence, having been among the crowd confronting British soldiers in the event that Paul Revere called “the Boston Massacre.” Phebe Attucks analogizes the tyranny of the British to slavery and explains why the colonists needed the right to defend themselves against a powerful, occupying army. The story emphasizes the 2nd and 3rd Amendments, right to bear arms and the quartering of soldiers.

Instructional use

Please refer to the module Teaching Guide for instructional use scenarios.

Pre-lesson activity

It is recommended that teachers preview the lesson to identify concepts that may need to be reviewed before students begin. Concepts include mercantilism, slavery in colonial America, taxation without representation, and British occupation. It would be useful to refer to the timeline of various acts of British oppression against the colonists (Library of Congress American Memory) to prepare for this lesson. Teachers may also wish to create a vocabulary/spelling list for terms found in this lesson.

Teachers may want to read the text of the 2nd and 3rd Amendments to the class and pose some questions to students before getting started: Why do you think these amendments were important to the early Americans? What do these amendments say about life in the colonies? What do they mean to you in the context of today? Texts of the amendments can be found at U.S. Constitution Online.

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Standards covered by this lesson

Refer to the module Teaching Guide for list a Language Arts goals covered by all WebDocent lessons.

Grades 7-8 Social Science and American History

Illinois State Goal 14

Understand, analyze, and compare political systems with an emphasis on the United States.   

Illinois State Goal 15

Understand, analyze, and compare economic systems with an emphasis on the United States.

Illinois State Goal 16

Understand and analyze events, trends, individuals, and movements shaping the history of Illinois, the United States, and other nations.

Illinois State Goal 17

Demonstrate a knowledge of world geography, as well as an understanding of the effects of geography on society, with an emphasis on the United States.

Illinois State Goal 18

Understand, analyze, and compare social systems with an emphasis on the United States.

Selected bibliography

Alfred E. Young and Terry J. Fife, with Mary E. Janzen. We the People: Voices and Images of the New Nation. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1993.

Benjamin Griffith Brawley. Negro Builders and Heroes. Chapel Hill, NC: The University of North Carolina Press, 1937.


Assessment

Refer to the module Teaching Guide for an explanation of the online journal for assessment purposes.

See the Additional Activities page for ideas for extending the lesson offline.

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