Teaching Guide for The Kurmi Market in Kano City, Nigeria

Also refer to the Module Guide for additional information.

Content area and grade levels
Standards
Lesson summary
Rationale
Instructional plan

Pre-visit activities
Museum visit planning
Post-visit
activities
Assessment and evaluation

Content area and grade levels

History/Social Studies and Fine Arts for grades 3-5.

Standards

The lesson, The Kurmi Market in Kano City, Nigeria, is aligned with the following
Illinois Learning Standards for social science:

ILS 15D - I understand trade as an exchange of goods or services.

ILS 15.D.2a - I can explain why people and countries voluntarily exchange goods and services.

ILS 17C - I understand relationships between geographic factors and society.

ILS 17.C.2b - I can describe the relationships among location of resources, population distribution and economic activities (e.g., transportation, trade, communications).

ILS 18A - I can compare characteristics of culture as reflected in language, literature, the arts, traditions and institutions.

ILS 18.A.2 - I can explain ways in which language, stories, folk tales, music, media and artistic creations serve as expressions of culture.

This lesson also addresses Language Arts standards through reading, using the online dictionary, and answering online journal questions.

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Lesson summary

This lesson is narrated by Fadywa, a 14-year Nigerian girl. Fadywa leads the reader through the Kurmi Market of Kano City, Nigeria, to explain the significance of the market as a center of international commerce. Along the way, she describes the notable handcrafts made by local artisans, including leather goods, textiles, and brasswork.

Rationale

The lessons in the module A Field Trip to West Africa were developed in response to teacher requests for curriculum materials on contemporary Africa for late elementary and middle-school students. Teachers expressed the need for materials that would highlight everyday life in Africa and that would present the cultural diversity of African countries. The Field Museum, Chicago and the Chicago WebDocent Project partnered to develop A Field Trip to West Africa to address this need.

The lesson The Kurmi Market in Kano City, Nigeria is intended to prepare students who will visit The Field Museum’s Africa exhibit. The exhibit includes a display focusing on Kano City, Nigeria, which presents some of the artifacts on view in the lesson which presents some of the artifacts on view in the lesson. Teachers using the lesson will be able to prepare students for what they will see and learn about in the exhibit, as well as preview key artifacts.

In addition to a field trip, this lesson can be used in conjunction with other Africa resources at The Field Museum, including online and hands-on materials from the Harris Educational Loan Program. Please consult Additional Activities and Web Links for other resources for this lesson.

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Instructional plan

The online lesson is designed to be as part of a pre-visit activity for a field trip. It can be completed in one class session; however, the lesson may be delivered over multiple class sessions depending on how long students spend reading, viewing images, exploring dictionary terms, and responding to online journal questions. Please consult the Module Guide for A Field Trip to West Africa for instructional use scenarios that describe how to use the lesson in a classroom or lab setting.

The lesson includes images of artifacts and parts of the exhibit that students can closely inspect using a “zoom” tool. This content is presented in a clickable museum icon that opens full screen to reveal a high resolution image. Teachers can engage students in a series of questions that foster visual thinking and critical thinking skills. Invite students to spend a moment looking at the image or object and ask them to describe what they see. Ask students to support their observations by pointing out specifics. Invite the class to analyze what they believe the image was intended to communicate, when it may have been created, by whom, for whom, etc. Typically students will get involved spontaneously offering their interpretations in an energetic discussion that moves learning into their hands. These techniques can be used both in the classroom using digitized images and at the museum looking at artifacts.

It is recommended that teachers preview this lesson to find any concepts or vocabulary that may need to be covered before the students begin. All vocabulary words are listed in the lesson in the "Words to Know" box. Teachers may wish to create a vocabulary/spelling list for using the terms found in this lesson.

The lesson includes an online journal with several essay-type questions for students to answer and print. Teachers may wish to preview the questions and select which ones students should answer.

Teachers are strongly encouraged to set up a discussion time for students after each session so that they can reflect and give feedback on what they have experienced so far in the lesson.

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Pre-visit activities

The lesson includes images of artifacts and parts of the exhibit that students can closely inspect using a “zoom” tool. This content is presented in a clickable museum icon that opens full screen to reveal a high resolution image. Teachers can engage students in a series of questions that foster visual thinking and critical thinking skills. Invite students to spend a moment looking at the image or object and ask them to describe what they see. Ask students to support their observations by pointing out specifics. Invite the class to analyze what they believe the image was intended to communicate, when it may have been created, by whom, for whom, etc. Typically students will get involved spontaneously offering their interpretations in an energetic discussion that moves learning into their hands. These techniques can be used both in the classroom using digitized images and at the museum looking at artifacts.

This lesson features images of brass and leather housewares, and textiles. It is often hard for students to imagine that these items were not mass-produced. As a pre-visit activity, engage students in a discussion about how the raw materials for these items would be obtained by the artisans who created them while they paint, draw, or use simple sculpting materials to create similar types of handcrafts.

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Museum visit planning

Visit the Field Museum's Planning Your Field Trip website for information. Also refer to the Teacher Checklist for field trip planning.

Post-Visit Activities

The materials below are available from The Field Museum's Education Department and Harris Educational Loan Program for use in the classroom as post-visit activities.

Printed Materials
Africa! An Activity Book
Africa! An Exhibit Guide
Africa Exhibit Poster
A Field Trip to Africa, Video

Harris Educational Loan Program Experience Boxes
Adindra Cloth from Ghana
Africa Calabashes
Africa Jewelry
African Metalworking
The Art of Cameroon
Fabrics from West Africa
Listen to the Sounds of Africa
Africa the Land
Ancient Egypt: Life Along the Nile
Caravans to Kano
Studying Africa Wildlife

Audio Visuals
Africa, A View from The Field Museum
A Field Trip to Africa
Animals of Africa

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Assessment and evaluation

Students should answer questions that are presented in the lesson as part of the online journal. These questions can be used by teachers to faciliate discussion at the end of the lesson.

In addition to activities using The Field Museum's resources listed above, the Additional Activities link provides suggestions for offline projects for students that can be used for assessment.

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